In the preface to his Bibliotheca realis universalis (Lipen, 1685), the German pedagogue and bibliographer, specialist in theology and philosophy, Martin Lipen offered an elegant and succinct survey of the various meanings of the term bibliotheca when it appeared in book titles. It could, he explained, refer to a bookshop or a book auction (the Bibliotheca Cordesiana), to an institution (public or private) in which books were kept and read, to a printed collection of shorter works (Voellius’s Bibliotheca juris canonici) or to a collection of excerpts (for example Photius’ Bibliotheca or Myriobiblion). Having excluded these possibilities, Lipen informed his reader that he had employed the word bibliotheca to designate a catalogue of books whose entries would consist of the author’s name, the book’s title, its place and date of publication and its format. In other words, he proposed a bibliography. Furthermore, he stated, this was a bibliotheca realis as opposed to a bibliotheca nomin...
Putting Art in its Place: the “Modern System of the Arts” in Bibliographies and Bibliothecae
The desire to gather, organize and classify knowledge has long manifested itself. In a library the books are arranged on the shelves in order to facilitate their retrieval. Similarly, in the large catalogues of books and bibliographies compiled over the centuries (“libraries without walls”), references are organised alphabetically or thematically (or using a combination of both). This article attempts to identify and examine the position of the arts within the major bibliographical systems, bibliographies and bibliothecae that have been published since the mid-sixteenth century. It therefore asks which arts were included, and questions how far we can identify a “modern system of the arts”. It also identifies the disciplines with which the arts were most frequently identified and connected (mechanical arts, sciences, literature and poetry). Careful reading and analysis of the bibliographies also raises related questions concerning the readership of artistic literature.
Mots-clés :bibliothèque, bibliothèque virtuelle, bibliographie, classification, système de classification, catalogue, histoire de l'art, art, système moderne des arts, discipline, ordre, livre, librairie
Keywords :library, virtual library, bibliography, classification, classification system, catalogue, art history, art, modern system of the arts, discipline, order, bool, bookshop
Noms de lieux :Europe
Parole chiave :biblioteca, biblioteca virtuale, classificazione, sistema di classificazione, catalogo, storia dell'arte, arte, sistema moderno delle arti, disciplina, ordine, libro, libreria
Dit document zal online worden gepubliceerd met de integrale tekst in juni 2017.
Om dit artikel te citeren
Cecilia Hurley, « Putting Art in its Place: the “Modern System of the Arts” in Bibliographies and Bibliothecae », Perspective, 2 | 2016, 87-110.
Cecilia Hurley, « Putting Art in its Place: the “Modern System of the Arts” in Bibliographies and Bibliothecae », Perspective [Online], 2 | 2016, Online op 30 juni 2017, geraadpleegd op 28 april 2017. URL : http://perspective.revues.org/6858 ; DOI : 10.4000/perspective.6858Hoofding